Sugar workers to protest at Parliament again

first_img– as National Assembly hears white paper proposals todayAs much of the nation waits to see if negative and/or positive elements will be outlined, Government will officially disclose its plans on charting the way for the sugar industry as the relevant white paper is presented today in the National Assembly.Sugar workers protesting at Parliament Buildings earlier this yearHowever, while Members of Parliament (MPs) will hear the proposals, Guyana Times has learnt that a large group of frustrated sugar workers are expected to protest outside Parliament this afternoon. This was confirmed by Guyana Agricultural and General Workers Union (GAWU) President Komal Chand on Sunday in an interview with this newspaper.This latest protest action comes nearly five months after the end of sugar operations at the Wales Sugar Estate which left many employees formerly attached to the entity without their severance packages. Many of the retrenched employees were promised their severance package since December 2016, and several others by January and February of this year.GAWU President Komal ChandThe workers had contended that they could not be compelled to travel to the Uitvlugt Estate on the West Coast of Demerara, some 22 miles from Wales and staged multiple protests, but the Agriculture Ministry claimed that all workers who had requested severance were already paid. However, at a public meeting with workers and several Government Ministers at Wales, West Bank Demerara (WBD) in March, Public Security Minister Khemraj Ramjattan had explained that Government could not afford to pay the then $375 million in severance pay.“As far as I’m aware, those that were given that option during this period of transition – and opted to come out of the industry and not remain as workers to go to Uitvlugt – they were paid their severance. That option having been taken at the time, made those that remain still employees of the company,” Ramjattan explained to frustrated workers who bolted from the meeting moments after.Government confirmed the closure of Wales, citing cost as the main factor and later confirmed that three estates would be kept, while two others would be closed and Skeldon would be privatised. Apart from the shutting down of Wales, the other disclosures were made following consultations with GAWU; the National Association of Agricultural, Commercial and Industrial Employees (NAACIE) and the People’s Progressive Party (PPP) on December 31, 2016. Now, nearly five months after, the white paper will be presented but not debated, as per the National Assembly’s order papers for May 8. A white paper is an authoritative report about a complex issue which is meant to help persons understand the issue, solve a problem, or make a decision.In giving his expectations for the white paper presentation, the GAWU President suggested to this publication that he was not expecting a departure to that which Government has already made known.“We have to read and know what really they intend to do, but we already conclude that they’re going to close two other estates and privatise Skeldon…I haven’t been able to recognise that they have changed their position. When President [David] Granger went to the activity at Blairmont, he did say that they will close two estates; so in a way he confirmed that they’re going to close Enmore and Rose Hall,” Chand told Guyana Times on Sunday.Areas of discussion in the white paper could relate to the feasibility of merging some of the sugar estates and factories where appropriate, and selling off some facilities.The draft white paper on the sugar industry’s future was submitted by Agriculture Minister Noel Holder to Cabinet for its consideration on Tuesday, April 18, 2017. Cabinet discussed the proposals in the draft white paper and subsequently granted its approval for the document to be laid in the National Assembly. The white paper follows a process of overhauling the industry which included a Commission of Inquiry (CoI) into the Guyana Sugar Corporation (GuySuCo) and the subsequent setting up of a special Task Force to look at options on the way forward for the sugar company.Finance Minister Winston Jordan in his presentation of the 2017 Budget had said that the sugar industry would require Government’s support to the tune of $18.6 billion and $21.4 billion for the years 2017 and 2018, respectively. He had also explained that based on the CoI, it was concluded that any money injected into sugar, in its current state, was money wasted. However, at one of their many demonstrations, sugar workers had reminded that President Granger and Prime Minister Moses Nagamootoo had committed their support to the sugar industry in the run-up to the 2015 General and Regional Elections. (Shemuel Fanfair)last_img read more

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Lee sets his sights on National Junior Championships

first_imgFifteen-year-old Ethan Lee has shown that he is a force to be reckoned with after securing an undefeated streak thus far in 2018. As such, the young man has indicated interest in the National Junior Chess Championships, which will come up again next year.The teenager, who attends Marian Academy, is now finding his place in the chess world. For this year so far, he has won 24 of 26 matches, with two draws and no defeats.He has been in competition mode and to his delight, he has been successful at each tournament. Lee has been crowned champion at Saint Stanislaus, Marian Academy and two Wendell Meusa Foundation championships.Reflecting on his latest competition, Lee disclosed that he was grateful for an event where he could compete with the best of the best juniors.“I think it was a very good competition: Guyana’s best junior chess players came out and they played well. It was a free-for-all and we got to finally see who is the best.”Speaking on his impressive track record, the teenager noted that he was working on improvement; he also had praise for his colleagues like Joshua Gopaul, Jaden Taylor and Rajiv Lee.“I think that I’ve really improved since Saints and then Marian and I feel like I’m going to continue improving, so I could play more internationally, but the other guys here are improving as well,” Lee said.He broke into the World Chess Federation rankings in May of this year, along with three other junior players: Joshua Gopaul (1312); Jaden Taylor (1131); and Nellisha Johnson (1123). Lee, who currently has a score of 1121, has now set his sights on excelling at the 2019 National Junior Chess competition.“Definitely. We’re good friends and the competition is really good, so I feel like Junior Championships is something I’d like to achieve,” he stated.last_img read more

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Gore implores Congress to save the planet

first_img 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! WASHINGTON (AP) – Al Gore made an emotional return to Congress Wednesday to plead with lawmakers to fight global warming with moral courage while revealing nothing about whether he’ll join the 2008 presidential race. The former vice president is a Democratic favorite for the presidential nomination even though he says he’s not running. Fresh off a triumphant Hollywood appearance in which his climate-change documentary, “An Inconvenient Truth,” won two Oscars, Gore drew overflow crowds as he testified before House and Senate panels about a “true planetary emergency.” He said the issue should not be partisan or political, but Gore faced skeptical Republicans who questioned his personal commitment to reducing energy usage and the science behind his film. “You’re not just off a little, you’re totally wrong,” said Texas Rep. Joe Barton, the leading Republican on the House Energy and Commerce Committee, as he challenged Gore’s conclusion that carbon dioxide emissions cause rising global temperatures. Barton and Gore’s exchange grew testy at one point – Barton demanding that Gore get to the point and Gore responding that he would like time to answer without being interrupted. “Global warming science is uneven and evolving,” Barton said. Gore insisted that the link is beyond dispute and is the source of broad agreement in the scientific community. “The planet has a fever,” Gore said. “If your baby has a fever, you go to the doctor. If the doctor says you need to intervene here, you don’t say, `Well, I read a science fiction novel that told me it’s not a problem.’ If the crib’s on fire, you don’t speculate that the baby is flame retardant. You take action.” Gore’s congressional testimony marked the first time he had been to Capitol Hill since January 2001, when he was the defeated Democratic presidential nominee still presiding over the Senate in his role as vice president. It comes 20 years after Gore, then a congressman from Tennessee, held the first hearings in Congress on global warming. It also brought him face-to-face with Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton, who could have her front-runner status threatened if Gore decided to challenge her for the party nomination. But there was no political fireworks between them at the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee hearing. Clinton said she found some of Gore’s ideas “extremely intriguing” and asked for more details on proposals such as a carbon-based tax, a cap-and-trade system and a carbon neutral mortgage association. In a day of testimony, Gore first appeared before a joint hearing by two House committees, with his wife, Tipper, sitting behind him and a stack of boxes beside him containing hundreds of thousands of messages asking Congress to act on global warming. Later, he testified before the Senate panel where partisan bickering grew even louder. Republican Sen. James Inhofe of Oklahoma, who has labeled global warming a hoax, complained that the Democratic leadership gave Gore extra time and advantages not afforded typical witnesses. Inhofe then grilled Gore about his personal energy use at his Tennessee mansion and showed the final frame of Gore’s film that read, “Are you ready to change the way you live?” When Gore tried to respond at length, Inhofe cut him off. Democratic Chairwoman Barbara Boxer kept trying to bring order to the hearing. She told Inhofe he can’t control things anymore now that Republicans have lost their majority. “Elections have consequences, so I make the rules,” she said, holding up her gavel to cheers from the audience. Gore sighed heavily and proposed that he and Inhofe have breakfast and privately discuss it away from the cameras. Gore said he hopes whoever is elected president in 2008 “can use his or her political chips” to lead the world toward a new global climate treaty to replace the 1997 Kyoto protocol that requires 35 industrial nations to cut greenhouse gases. The Bush administration argues Kyoto would hurt the U.S. economy and objects that high-polluting developing nations like China and India are not required to reduce emissions. “I fully understand that Kyoto, as a brand if you will, has been demonized,” Gore said. Gore was warmly welcomed back by some of his critics, such as Rep. Ralph Hall, R-Texas, who remembered serving with Gore’s father and bantered with Gore about an evening boat ride they took together. “You’re dear to us, but I just don’t agree with you on this,” Hall said. Gore advised lawmakers to cut carbon dioxide and other warming gases 90 percent by 2050 to avoid a crisis. Doing that, he said, will require a ban on any new coal-burning power plants _ a major source of industrial carbon dioxide _ that lack state-of-the-art controls to capture the gases. He said he foresees a revolution in small-scale electricity producers for replacing coal, likening the development to what the Internet has done for the exchange of information. “There is a sense of hope in this country that this United States Congress will rise to the occasion and present meaningful solutions to this crisis,” Gore said. “Our world faces a true planetary emergency. I know the phrase sounds shrill, and I know it’s a challenge to the moral imagination.”last_img
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EVOLVE SHOWS YOU THE THREE PROVEN TECHNIQUES TO LOOK BETTER IN A SUIT

first_imgWith the Evolve Menswear WINTER SUIT SALE in full swing, the experts at Evolve are sharing a few tips to make sure you get the most out of your suit.The ShoulderA well-fitted shoulder should lie flat. The seam on top of the shoulder should meet the sleeve of the suit right where your arm meets your shoulder. Wrinkles on the sleeve and on the top of the jacket means that the jacket is either too bit or too small.Trouser BreakThe “break” is the small wrinkle caused when the top of your shoe stops your trouser cuff from falling to its full length.The cuff should rest on top of your shoe, with the trouser falling a touch longer at the back than at the front but must be above the heel of the shoe. Jacket CollarYour jacket collar should rest against your shirt collar, which should in turn rest against the back of your neck.A tight collar will create bunching and folds just beneath it, and often wrinkles the shirt collar underneath it.Make sure you get the right advice when choosing your suit. The Evolve Menswear Massive Winter Suit Sale is on right now.    EVOLVE SHOWS YOU THE THREE PROVEN TECHNIQUES TO LOOK BETTER IN A SUIT was last modified: November 11th, 2014 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Businessevolve menswearFeaturesnewslast_img read more

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DONEGAL LANDMARKS ‘LIGHT UP GOLD’ FOR CHILDHOOD CANCER FOUNDATION

first_imgCastle Bridge, Buncrana.Some of Donegal’s most notable buildings and landmarks have once again been lit up gold this month as part of the 3rd annual Light It Up Gold campaign by Childhood Cancer Foundation.The Irish campaign is part of a wider international campaign originating in the USA, that has seen buildings across the world ‘Light It Up Gold’ in September to shine a light on the bravery of children dealing with cancer and this year’s campaign in Ireland sees the CCF collaborating with Cancer Fund for Children and CLIC Sargent in Northern Ireland.It’s been a busy year for Childhood Cancer Foundation who earlier this summer announced partnerships with the Gaelic Players Association (GPA) and with Emerald Garrison, Ireland’s largest independent Star Wars costuming club.These associations are invaluable to the charity with both Emerald Garrison and the GPA, helping to support the promotional activity of CCF, including the charity’s Light It Up Gold Campaign. Emerald Garrison’s Derry Invasion last weekend at the Millennium Forum saw thousands of Star Wars enthusiasts throng to the Maiden City and Childhood Cancer Foundation had an awareness stand at the event. The troop was also supporting CCF at the Curragh Racecourse for Longines Irish Champions Weekend.Gaelic players from counties nationwide, including the All Ireland winning Kilkenny senior hurling team, have volunteered their services to support the new partnership and will work as ambassadors with CCF both in their communities and to promote national events.Maura Toner, who lives on Inch Island and whose 8-year-old daughter Emer is in remission from Stage 4 Neuroblastoma explained that Childhood Cancer Foundation’s overarching mission is to spread awareness of childhood cancer.“There has been a great response from buildings across Ireland, north and south. Our aim this year is to have gold shining in 32 counties across Ireland. Increased awareness will improve early detection and increase understanding among policy makers and communities which will hopefully reduce the isolation of families going through childhood cancer treatment and side effects.” In county Donegal, the Public Service Centres in Donegal Town, Dungloe and Milford are going gold. In Buncrana, the Council Offices, Castle Bridge and the Roundabout are all already lit up gold as indeed is An Grianán Theatre and the Polestar Roundabout in Letterkenny and the Castle Folly at Oakfield Park in Raphoe. In coming days, additional buildings/landmarks will be added to this list, ensuring that once more, Donegal will be leading the way with the Light It Up Gold campaignIn Northern Ireland, buildings lighting up gold include the Guildhall in Derry, Armagh Gaol and Enniskillen Castle among others.“We are so grateful to everyone who has come on board with the campaign and would like to especially recognize the efforts of Liam O’Hara of O’Hara & Harrison Electrical Contractors who have worked for free to install temporary lights for us at the Polestar. Also special thanks to various staff within Donegal County Council who assisted me again this year with this campaign.She concluded: “We are delighted that children diagnosed with cancer in the Republic of Ireland are now automatically entitled to a medical card for five years. This is after extensive campaigning by parents of children with cancer. We are currently engaged in submissions for the National Cancer Strategy 2016-2020 and we hope to have paediatric cancer recognised in the cancer strategy for the first time. We hope this will improve the situation for families dealing with childhood cancer in the future.”DONEGAL LANDMARKS ‘LIGHT UP GOLD’ FOR CHILDHOOD CANCER FOUNDATION was last modified: September 14th, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:donegalLANDMARKSLIGHT UP GOLDlast_img read more

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Tunisia form guide ahead of World Cup group G match with England – recent results

first_imgEngland won both of their pre-tournament friendlies against Nigeria (2-1) and Costa Rica (2-0), but how have their opening opponents Tunisia handled their practice matches?Scroll down to see how Nabil Maaloul’s side have performed in their recent 2018 pre-World Cup friendlies.May 28: Portugal 2-2 Tunisia (Badri, Ben Youssef)Portugal threw away a 2-0 lead in this match that they played without Cristiano Ronaldo. Ricardo Quaresma’s cross found Andre Silva who headed the home side ahead and a Joao Mario wonder strike doubled their lead. However, Tunisia proved they can deal with adversity by fighting back with a strong strike from Anice Badri and 64th minute equaliser from Fakhreddine Ben Youssef, who found himself on the end of a beautiful ball from Ali Maaloul. England’s World Cup opponents Tunisia pose ahead of a pre-tournament friendly with Portugal. 4 Tunisia came from 2-0 down against Portugal It was decided at the draw in December that England will face Belgium, Tunisia and Panama in Group G at the 2018 World Cup.The tournament is now nearly upon us and the Three Lions have been preparing diligently. Despite a valiant effort, Tunisia were defeated by Spain June 1: Tunisia 2-2 Turkey (Badri, Sassi)Tunisia again had to come from behind in this match as Everton’s Cenk Tosun put Turkey ahead from the penalty spot after 54 minutes. Anice Badri smashed in his side’s equaliser two minutes later and Tosun then saw red for threatening his own team’s fans! Tunisia appeared to have won the game against their ten-man opposition with Ferjani Sassi’s 79th minute strike, however an injury time equaliser from Caglar Soyuncu handed England’s group G opponents their second successive 2-2 draw.center_img 4 Tunisia also drew against Turkey 4 4 June 9: Tunisia 0-1 SpainIn their final pre-tournament friendly, the Eagles of Carthage faced a tough take against Spain. Despite ultimately suffering defeat to their formidable opposition, Nabil Maaloul’s team played relatively well. A lack of clinical finishing ability cost them as they had plenty of chances in the first half, most notably missed by Feranji Sassi and Naim Sliti. In the second period, Spain took over and Iago Aspas’ late winner handed them a narrow victory.last_img read more

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‘I WAS ALMOST LOST TO RUGBY’ – MURPHY

first_imgDonegal captain Michael Murphy has revealed how the GAA almost lost him to his other favourite sport rugby – but for his father!Michael Murphy still loves rugbyOn the eve of the Ulster semi-final, the likeable Glenswilly man has told how he loves the oval ball sport and almost took it up.“Rugby was becoming very popular in Donegal around the time I was leaving school (St Eunans) and starting with the county team. “A couple of the lads in the class were involved and they were going well at the time.“They asked me to come out….but the father (Michael Snr) intervened –‘Get out to Glenswilly and never mind the rugby!’ – so that put an end to that,” revealed Michael.Murphy, who admits his sporting hero is Ronan O’Gara, has completed his BSc in Physical Education with Biology studies at DCU.He plans to concentrate on his football over the next couple of months and hopefully a long championship campaign as well as a couple of Cul Camps with the kids. Although Donegal may be 1/6 favourites to beat Down in tomorrow’s game at Breffni Park in Cavan, big Michael is taking nothing for granted.And there is certainly no time to bask in the glory of being All-Ireland champions.“All we do concerning last year is acknowledge that we won the All-Ireland and move on and go on and try to improve again,” he said. ‘I WAS ALMOST LOST TO RUGBY’ – MURPHY was last modified: June 23rd, 2013 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:donegalDownGAAMichael MurphyRUGBYlast_img read more

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JUDGE ISSUES WARRANT FOR ARREST OF HUSBAND WHO HASN’T PAID MAINTENANCE

first_imgA JUDGE has ordered the arrest of man who hasn’t made payments towards his ex-partner and their children.The woman in the case told Judge Paul Kelly that arrears of €16,800 was now outstanding.Despite numerous legal letters to the man, he has failed to appear before Carndonagh District Court. Judge Paul Kelly asked if the man was in court, but he wasn’t.The judge then told the woman that all he could do at this stage was to order his arrest; and he issued a bench warrant for the man’s arrest.JUDGE ISSUES WARRANT FOR ARREST OF HUSBAND WHO HASN’T PAID MAINTENANCE was last modified: October 26th, 2014 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:arrestCarndonaghGavelmaintenancelast_img read more

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Tookie’s violent life ends quietly

first_imgEditor’s note: Ruby Gonzales was one of 17 reporters selected to witness Tuesday morning’s execution of Stanley Tookie Williams at San Quentin State Prison. SAN QUENTIN – As a reporter for 15 years, I have covered the maimed and the dead. But I’d never witnessed an execution. It’s a story most reporters dream about covering, and also dread. Inside the pressure cooker that was the San Quentin State Prison execution chamber, I told myself this was part of my job. I watched the massive chest of convicted killer and children’s book author Stanley Tookie Williams – who victims’ rights advocates compared to a monster and Jesse Jackson compared to Jesus – go still. Then a prison guard pierced the silence with the announcement of the death time: 12:35 a.m. Tuesday. I was one of 39 witnesses to the execution of Williams, co-founder of the Crips gang and author of anti-gang children’s books whom many wanted to spare from such a fate. Before entering the execution chamber shortly before midnight Tuesday, each reporter was assigned a prison guard. As we walked out of the officers’ break room, we passed a phalanx of solemn guards. We were allowed a wristwatch, the golden badge that marked us as media witnesses, a few sheets of lined paper and a pencil. Witnesses were told that stepping down from the risers we stood on, talking loudly or sobbing loudly would be grounds to remove us. Lora Owens was among those seated in metal chairs facing the green execution chamber. Williams shot and killed her stepson, Whittier 7-Eleven clerk Albert Owens, during a 1979 robbery that netted $120. Williams also fatally shot Yen-I Yang, Tsai-Shai Yang and Ye-Chen Lin during the robbery of a Los Angeles motel. But we were told that their relatives wouldn’t be there to witness the execution. Shortly after midnight, the curtain covering the windows of the execution chamber were pulled back. People could see into the execution chamber through five windows. The chamber measures about 7 1/2 feet in diameter. Dressed in a light-blue shirt and dark-blue pants and wearing glasses, Williams was led by guards into the small green chamber. His wrists were cuffed and he wore a chain around his waist, but I could not see if he had leg shackles on. They strapped him to the bed, then pulled on latex gloves. It took about three minutes for someone to insert a needle into Williams’ vein for the first IV to administer the lethal injection. It took longer, about 12 minutes, to find a second vein to attach another IV. At one point, the 51-year-old Williams raised his head, grimaced and said something to the staff. I could not make out what he said although another media witness claimed he said, “Still can’t find it?” We saw blood. During the execution, Williams turned his head toward his witnesses and appeared to be communicating to them. What it was, I couldn’t hear. He looked at the reporters, who were busy scribbling and craning to get a good view of him. It seemed like he was questioning why we were there. It wasn’t a threatening gesture to me, more like he didn’t like our presence. A blond woman cried and several other witnesses seemed ill at ease. One man put his hands in his pockets. Another glanced at Williams, then at other people. Another blond woman clasped her hands and put them on her knees. Later, her hand moved to her mouth. One man stared intently at Williams and tilted his head this way and that. There were no outbursts from Williams, who talked to one of the guards. They later taped his hands to the bed, covering them so even the fingers weren’t visible. We were told later that it was part of the procedure. Then they turned the bed so that media witnesses couldn’t see his face anymore, just the top of his head and his body. The sound of scribbling and the whir of a machine could be heard in the room. It was quiet as his chest slowly rose and fell. Williams had asked for five people to be his witnesses. Reporters recognized two of them as his lawyer and Barbara Cottman Becnel, the woman who co-author of his books. A man was seen pumping his fist and mouthing “Tookie” during the execution. When it was over, Lora Owens sighed deeply. And a young woman put her arm around her. ruby.gonzales@sgvn.com (626) 962-8811, Ext. 2718 AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORERose Parade grand marshal Rita Moreno talks New Year’s Day outfit and ‘West Side Story’ remake160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more

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Soybeans faced challenges, but still producing well in 2016

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Though the August rains provided some much-needed hope for 2016 soybean yields, there have still been plenty of pleasant surprises on yield monitors this fall.“The soybean yields have been outstanding in almost every situation. There are a few areas that were dry and stressed but 80% to 90% of the territory I cover is seeing some of the most outstanding yields they have had in the history of their farming operations,” said Chasitie Euler, Pioneer account manager in Henry, Fulton, Williams, and Lucas counties. “We are approximately 40% to 45% wrapped up with soybean harvest. We are getting a lot done with this beautiful weather. Hopefully the rain will hold off so we can get a lot of these acres wrapped up.”That does not mean, however, that the soybean harvest is free from challenges. Green stems have been a fairly widespread problem around the state, which has made for some slow going.“We received a few comments about soybeans having mature pods, but the stems remaining green. Similar observations were made in 2012 — another dry year. Green stems on soybean may be a result of a source/sink problem. With the hot and dry conditions this year, pod set was likely reduced. With a limited number of pods (sink), there are fewer places for the plant’s photosynthates (source) to go,” wrote Laura Lindsey, Kelly Tilmon, and Andy Michel with Ohio State University in a recent CORN Newsletter. “From previously conducted work by Dr. Jim Beuerlein, when soybean pods were removed from a plant node when they first formed and started to expand, the leaf at that node stayed green after the rest of the plant matured. If all the small pods were removed from a branch on a plant, that branch did not mature. Further, if setting of pods were prevented on the main stem of a plant but pods allowed to develop normally on the branches, those branches matured normally while the main stem stayed green and held onto its leaves. Anatomical studies of the flow of carbohydrates within a plant show that each leaf fills the pods at its node only, but if all its carbohydrates are not needed at that node, the extra will move to the next lower node. Therefore, soybean plants digest their leaves, petioles and stems to complete the pod filling process and add a few more bushels per acre. If the digestion of plant parts is not needed to complete pod fill, then these plant parts remain green.”Insect feeding can also lead to challenges with green stems on dry soybeans.“Another possible cause of stay green syndrome might be stink bug feeding. As the bugs feed, they inject saliva, which may impact the plant’s physiology to remain green. In 2012, some acres of green stem were known to have stink bug infestations, especially along the edge,” the group wrote. “We have seen similar fields with stink bug pressure in 2016. To check for stink bug feeding, open a few pods and look for shriveled or flat seeds that may indicate stink bug feeding.”In addition to green stems, soybeans have also been inconsistently maturing.“I’ve heard numerous remarks such as ‘my 3.5 maturity soybeans will be ready before my 2.9 soybeans and I planted them at the same time!’ So why are soybeans maturing inconsistently?” said Luke Schulte, Field Agronomist, CCA, for Beck’s Hybrids. “The environmental conditions of this past season may be a contributing factor to the inconsistency in soybean maturity we are experiencing across our geography. Throughout much of Ohio, we experienced very hot and dry conditions during June and July. While some areas received very timely rainfall during these months, most areas — particularly the northwest area of the state — did not. Unfortunately, we entered the reproductive stages of our soybean life cycle at the same time we were experiencing the brutal conditions of late June and July. This meant that the dual stress of heat and/or drought caused tremendous stress in our soybean crops.”Those tough conditions can impact maturities differently.“Depending on maturity of the variety planted, the length of time it takes a soybean to flower and set pods will vary. For shorter season soybeans, that length of time is much more compact than mid- to late-season soybean maturities. Since we were enduring such extreme stress during this flowering and pod set time frame, the natural tendency of the soybean plant was to abort pods to preserve energy and survive.”When most of the state finally received some relief in mid-August with some very timely and yield producing rains, it triggered the soybean plants to continue reproduction and further set pods.“Later maturity soybeans were able to add more pods as they were not as far along in their development. Shorter season soybeans however, had a relatively low number of potential pods to be added to each plant due to their growth stage at that time,” Schulte said. “This inconsistency is a reflection of pods aborted or pods remaining on the plant. When pods and/or seeds are aborted, the plant redistributes sugars and nutrients (photosynthate) to the rest of the plant. This redistribution then causes an increase in the concentration of photosynthate in the remaining plant tissue (leaves, stems, branches). This results in soybean plants with significantly fewer pods having significantly more green foliage, meaning it will not ripen or mature as quickly. Higher stress areas within the same field that were more drought stricken (hills, sandy or gravel areas) more than likely aborted more pods when stressed than higher water retaining soils. In those areas, we are seeing slower maturation due to the sugar and nutrients being held in the stems and leaves with less pods present on those plants.“This same scenario also occurred in situations where we are seeing 3.5 maturity soybeans ripen or mature faster than 2.9 maturity soybeans planted at the same time. The 2.9 maturity soybeans added fewer pods when the rains in early August came through compared to the 3.5 maturity soybeans.  This was because the sugars and nutrients of these plants had to move to foliage, rather than pods, with fewer pods available.”last_img read more

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